In China and Japan, these encounters were controlled by the hosts, unlike in southern India or Indonesia. However, as you will discover, the exploration endeavors of Europeans eventually did not bode well with the indigenous people and much of the previous harmony and culture of these regions would be lost, in some cases forever.
Bythe Taino numbered only about The Spanish came in numbers sufficient for colonization. Europeans also demanded access to the luxury goods found in Asia that were not otherwise available.
Growing nationalistic pride and increasing interest in various religious agendas — such as the Reformation and the Counter Reformation — required new revenue streams.
A great emphasis in Europe was placed on patronage of the arts and support of the sciences starting from the Renaissance forward to the Enlightenment. It allowed them the ability to explore new lands and meet new people.
The lands of China, India, The Americas — both north and south — and West Africa would fulfill their insatiable appetite for discovery fueled by their curiosity to know more about the world they inhabited.
Viewing peoples of different cultures in this way often resulted in the application of pejorative terminology such as savage. The nobles, as well as the ruling elite, were integral to this process, but the cost of supporting these endeavors was high.
European encounters during this period shared the commonality that the peoples of the cultures and civilizations were viewed as others, distinct from the Europeans.
The slave trade triangle. The exploitation of newly encountered lands provided the necessary funds to support these European agendas.
The development of a noble savage—the indigenous person who, although very different from the European, is giving and willing to share his or her culture with the European—was a different manifestation of ethnocentrism.
The Taino population who inhabited islands within the Caribbean was estimated to have numbered aroundat the time of the initial arrival of Europeans.
This was the first step in the development of a trade-based empire eventually stretched from India all the way to Japan by the midth century. The Japanese knew of the arrival of the Europeans by sea in India, and they were able to plan for the European arrival.
In the case of Japan, extensive trade networks throughout Asia already existed. Additionally, the Europeans did not attempt to colonize Japan, and the extent to which trade can be controlled without also controlling the territory can be argued to be limited.
Spices, objects of art, and other goods considered exotic to Europeans were highly prized and spoke to the status of the owner. The story was the same throughout the region.
Rather than being considered individuals, they were treated, at worst, as commodities that could be bought, sold, or entirely discarded. Seeing peoples of different cultures or civilizations as others served to objectify the individuals to an extent.
They actively attempted to convert all indigenous peoples to Christianity and in this process destroyed many of the extant texts and records from this period and before. Europeans also demanded access to the luxury goods found in Asia, such as spices, objects of art, and other goods considered exotic.
However, the 16th century opened a new era of trade between Europe and Asia. Posted on May 21, by kmjantz Cross-cultural encounters, during and after the Renaissance, gave Europeans exhilarating possibilities. It can be argued that slavery resulted, in part, from this commoditization of human beings on the African and American continents.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Within Europe, there was competition among the nations, and they vied to support the best within various fields of the arts and sciences.
In many cases, diseases arrived before the Europeans were sighted because of the extensive and complex trade networks that the various indigenous cultures had developed.
The initial backlash against these negative perceptions of otherness came in a form that was, perhaps, equally misguided. The decimation of the indigenous populations of the Americas, from a variety of causes, was nearly unfathomable.Topics: 16th century, Positive Cross-Cultural Encounters Essay Positive Cross- Cross Cultural Encounters This piece of text reflects clearly the cross cultural differences of the Europeans and the people of Western Africa.
In my essay I will analyze the European thought that they were superior to the Chinese, specifically in the sciences of astronomy, astrology, medicine, and geography.
We will write a custom essay sample on European and Chinese Cross Cultural Encounters: 17th Century specifically for you. Home > AA The arts past and present. Question: The Art of Benin Answer: For a lot of the late 15th century to early 16th century, many new civilisations were being discovered through exploration, and of course alongside the encounters of new societies came a rich and diverse cross cultural experience, by cross-cultural encounters it is the meant.
The Benin Bronzes - This essay deals with the nature of a cross cultural encounter between the Benin people and Portuguese traders in the 15th and 16th centuries, which resulted in the depiction of Portuguese figures in Benin brass plaques. Positive Cross-Cultural Encounters Essay Positive Cross-Cultural Encounters When you decide to encounter From a marketing point of view it is very important for marketers to realize that the markets in the 21st century are cross-cultural markets and to be aware of and sensitive to the cultural differences is a major.
16th Century Essay Examples. 33 total results. The History of Prostitution and Evolution in Pre-Industrial Societies. 1, words. Why the 16th Century Was a Period of Conflict for the History of Music. words. 1 page. A History of the Renaissance in the 14th through 16th Century Europe.