A comparison of leo africanus and ibn battuta accounts of timbuktu and mali

What evidence does he provide that suggests the importance of learning in Timbuktu? Taghaza was populated only by slaves who worked the salt mines there, living in houses built of salt slabs for lack of lumber, drinking brackish water, and eating only camel meat and dates brought in by the caravans.

When the caravan arrived at an oasis or at its final destination, the people waiting there rejoiced in celebration, for its safe arrival signified an opportunity to gain wealth, and thus constituted an occasion for revelry.

Coming in the opposite direction were traders with gold, who traveled northward along the Niger to exchange gold for these goods. From there he followed the coast in a series of boats making slow progress against the prevailing south-easterly winds.

As an aside, Battuta reported that he heard the tastiest meat came from the palms and the breasts. It carried him home by a more easterly route than the one by which he came. Leo is said to have died in in Tunis, having reconverted to Islam. While never easy, even crossing the Sahara Desert was relatively safe; centuries of trade had led to methods of assuring the safety of caravans.

Settling in Morocco, he studied in Fez, and as a teenager accompanied his uncle on diplomatic missions throughout North Africa and and to the Sub-Saharan kingdom of Ghana.

These communities were poised on the coast on islands, if possible to take advantage of trade from both sides—the interior and the foreign ports. Before the twelfth century, Kilwa served mainly as an outpost directing trade to and from Mogadishu.

Ibn Battuta in Black Africa, p. It is not only through the extension of Muslim rule that an intercommunicating zone broadly influenced by Islam developed.

Ibn Battuta

The leader of the caravan was al- Hajj Wujjin. Several additional manuscripts came to light in the mids, from which a printed edition of the Arabic text and a French translation were prepared.

Instead, its fame rested on its reputation as a city of scholars.

He notes the presence of hippopotami in the river, and also the great heaps of their bones left by river-dwellers after slaughtering and eating them. This king makes war only upon neighboring enemies and upon those who do not want to pay him tribute.

In other words, the amir was conversant in Arabic, although he was presumably not literate. Most Muslim males, both black and white, learned to read. Streets were no more than the empty space between buildings. Battuta mentioned the graves of two important men in Timbuktu: Afterwards, Battuta left, and claimed that he never saw another black so generous.

He relied on the testimony of witnesses and other types of evidence presented in his court. He distinguished himself especially by recording his two trips into black Africa. If they claimed that they were Muslims, they had to be given the benefit of doubt and freed. Six and two-thirds of their ducats equal one Roman gold ounce.

The most important scholars of the city selected the qadi from a few long-established families. Leaving Kilwa, Ibn Battuta sails back to Arabia. Through means still unknown, the Mahdali made Kilwa a great center for traders in gold mined in the area known today as Zimbabwe.Although Ibn Battuta’s Rihlah was not known in Europe until the nineteenth century, a description of Mali produced for Pope Leo X in the sixteenth century sparked European curiosity and fired the imagination of explorers for centuries to come.

This famous account of the mysterious land of gold beyond the Sahara was the work of Leo Africanus.

Homework: Ibn Battuta in Mali

Ibn Battuta, Mali Empire and. He extended the borders of his empire in all directions, incorporating the trading cities of Gao and Timbuktu into the empire, extending his control over the salt-rich lands of the Taghaza region to the north, expanding eastward to the borders of the Hausa lands and westward into the lands of the Fulani and the.

May 12,  · Homework: Ibn Battuta in Mali.

Ibn Battuta, Mali Empire and

Battuta’s accounts are valid because he was actually present during the Mali civilization was well and thriving, but the bad things about this that he has inside point of view of Mali, rather than an outside point of view. Like Like. Transcript of Ibn Battuta's observances of Mali.

Ibn Battuta in Black Africa

Ibn Battuta's observations of Mali According To Ibn Battuta, the main features of Mali's political practice and ceremony included: Despite the inequality present in Timbuktu, Battuta respected their strict attitude towards justice.

Start studying Leo Africanus: Description of Timbuktu. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Right in Action Fall () Ibn Battuta was impressed that the Mali people "have a greater hatred of injustice than any other people." He related that the mansa showed little mercy to the guilty.

scholars, and merchants of Timbuktu, Ibn Battuta joined a caravan going north to Morocco. He.

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A comparison of leo africanus and ibn battuta accounts of timbuktu and mali
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