In the process, he offers some idea of how evil the conspiracy seemed to righteous equals. Fragments of his Historiae c. Biographical Information Sallust was born in 86 b.
He uses many terse, epigrammatic sentences, and his tone is quite sardonic, linking closely with his own moral distain. Its good form it can be seen as a prelude to a virtue, ie.
Sallust was born in a time of civil war.
Catiline, his nature contradicting these people utterly, would find no place in such a society, except perhaps in chains.
He is also well regarded for providing important insights into the events of his day, despite his political partisanship, and for offering vivid portraits of public figures and descriptions of foreign lands and people. Sallust may have been more concerned with writing an interesting piece of prose rather than merely getting the facts down.
The historian often uses a moralizing and philosophizing tone, as he does not merely describe events but tries to explain them. At the time Rome was internally divided by the struggle of the opposing factions of the optimates, or the aristocracy, and the populares, or the democratic party.
Nothing is known of his early career, but he probably gained some military experience, perhaps in the east in the years from 70 to 60 bc. Sallust may have begun to write even before the Triumvirate was formed late in His two major works are the Bellum Catilinae c. The assassins, led by Cassius and Brutus, faced retribution from the Triumvirate formed to oppose them: He was later accused of misusing his governorship to acquire a great personal fortune.
Others praised him for his vivid characterization, his vigorous prose, and the dignified tone of his writing. His moral and political values are traditional; they commemorate the past to castigate the present.
After several defeats at the hands of the Roman consuls Metullus and Marius, Jugurtha was betrayed by an ally and put into the hands of the Roman quaestor Sulla.
During his stint as governor of Africa Nova in BC, he "took many bribes and confiscated much property, so that he was not only accused, but incurred the deepest disgrace…" Dio He remained in office until 45 or early And to the delight of moralists he revealed that Roman politics were not all that official rhetoric depicted them to be.
But his own experiences in politics imbued his analysis and his idiom with an energy and passion that compel the attention of readers. Again, Sallust is working to an agenda — currying favour with some, demonising others.
Very subtly, Sallust implies that the old Roman mindset unwittingly suffered this disturbance. It comes back to being impartial. His deliberately archaic style conveys a sense of distinction to his reports.
Indeed, alarmed contemporaries may have exaggerated the significance of the incident; yet, had the government not acted as firmly as it did effectively declaring martial lawa catastrophe could have occurred.
Catiline, in contrast, is painted so vividly as an evil, malevolent and twisted human being that the reader starts to think he would be better placed as a comic-book villain than in a serious historical report.
The notion that the Republic could spawn a Catiline, and an army of citizens willing to assist and obey him, requires some explanation. It is also the fullest account of the Catiline conspiracy available to us, and a valuable source text. The reason for mentioning his personal writing-style with regard to the question is this: His view of the aristocracy is critical, and he laments the loss of the traditional Roman ideals of dignity and integrity.
This is not the impartial detachment of an historian at work — this is personal dislike, and by intent or not, has plainly influenced his writing. And the presence of agenda distorts what might otherwise be taken as a reliable historical account. His first political office, which he held in 52, was that of a tribune of the plebs.
Sergius Catilina, or Catiline, and his followers, which seriously threatened the Roman state.The Catiline Conspiracy and the Jugurthine War are the two separate surviving works of the historian commonly known as "Sallust".
Nearly contemporary to the events he describes, he is supposed to have been a retired officer of Caesar's army.
"Catiline" contains the history of the memorable year With these, he raised an army. Catiline's plan failed. The Conspiracy Revealed.
On the night of 18 October, 63 B.C., Crassus brought letters to Cicero warning of a plot against Rome that was led by Catiline. This plot came to be known as the Catilinarian Conspiracy. Sallust: Sallust, Roman historian and one of the great Latin literary stylists, noted for his narrative writings dealing with political personalities, corruption, and party rivalry.
Sallust’s family was Sabine and probably belonged to the local aristocracy, but he was the only member known to have served in. Cicero & the Catiline Conspiracy. The uncovering of the conspiracy would bring what historian Mary Beard in her book SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome called a clash between “ideology and ambition.” The discovery of the alleged conspiracy would be the pinnacle of Cicero’s long distinguished career in politics.
In an essay entitled. Oct 22, · Conspiracy Theory Essay. Conspiracy Theories Around Cicero and the Catiline Conspiracy Both the histories of Sallust and the orations of Cicero can be considered literary works, to a degree. The War With Catiline, by Sallust and The First Speech Against Lucius Sergius Catilina, by Cicero, both contain excellent examples of.
Through examination of the Roman State at the time, the events during Sallust's life and his motives for writing his works, this essay will attempt to conclude how far 'The Catiline Conspiracy' can be trusted as a fair historical account.Download