Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online. National Center for Education Statistics. Although students may earn extra cash, they may also discover that working while attending school is not worth the cost.
Part-time employment in high school and its effect on academic achievement. In other words, the greater the number of hours that students worked, the greater the negative effects on standardized measures of achievement.
Part-time work intensity or the number of hours worked had a significant negative effect on the number of mathematics courses that these students took. The researchers first examined the value of the kinds of after-school jobs that most students held.
Similarly, part-time work intensity had a negative effect on science course work; the higher the work intensity, the fewer science courses students took.
Health, safety, and development of working children and adolescents in the United States [Online]. The report also found, however, some benefits from after-school work. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 53 1— Findings from the condition of education, [Online].
Students who worked while attending school experienced higher rates of such problem behaviors as alcohol and other drug use and minor delinquency in comparison with their nonworking peers National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, Are there other side effects—either positive or negative—that educators, parents, and policymakers should know about?
Enter the periodical title within the "Get Permission" search field. To translate this article, contact permissions ascd. Most jobs, they found, were disconnected from what students learned in school, did not systematically teach the job skills necessary for advancement, and provided little meaningful interaction with adult supervisors.
The study showed that the number of hours that 10th graders worked increased the number of absences from school, especially among those students who worked more than 30 hours a week. And the extent to which students remained in school decreased as the average weekly hours of work rose.
Students were likely to have lower achievement scores than their peers if they worked longer hours during the school year. The largest adverse effect was among minority students, especially those who went from not working to working more than 20 hours a week in most or all weeks of the school year.
Child Development, 67, — The more hours that students worked, the fewer mathematics courses they completed, which, in turn, led to lower achievement in mathematics.
Journal of Educational Research, 91 3— Protecting youth at work: But school-year employment tended to compromise academic performance overall.
Gerald Oettinger found that students of high ability were likely to hold regular jobs that required few hours each week. Effect of part-time work on high school mathematics and science course taking.
Does high school employment affect high school academic performance? For instance, students who balanced school and work by limiting their work hours gained valuable time-management skills that permitted them to work when they went to college.
Journal of Educational Research, 91 267— In addition, working more than 30 hours a week during high school was associated with lower levels of future education attainment. New evidence from a prospective study. The effects of work intensity on adolescent mental health, achievement, and behavioral adjustment: Interestingly, neither the type of job nor the number of hours that students worked influenced the amount of time that students spent on homework.
Singh also found that the more hours that students worked, the more likely they were to get lower grades.
Kusum Singh found that part-time work affected both standardized test scores and grades. The report stated that because the U. Educators, parents, policymakers, and especially students must carefully weigh the pros and cons of part-time, after-school work.
Weighing the Options In addition to affecting academic performance, work sometimes changes behavior:percent less likely to eventually receive a degree than part-time workers or those who do not work at all (Orszag).
did not seem to have an effect on drop-out rates compared to students who did not work. In fact, Astin () concludes that having a part-time, on campus job strongly increases the student’s chances of finishing college.
Hindu students (around % of the sample) chose to work part time, while the figure is % among the Muslims (88% of the respondents).7 Almost 43% of the students with varsity-educated father self- selected themselves into the market for part-time jobs, whereas for the other group (characterized by paternal schooling of less than 16 years.
Those who have part-time jobs work for less than thirty to thirty-five hours a week. May it be capable, post-graduate adults or under-aged students, the amount of people with part time jobs have increased over the past 20 years in most developed countries.
part time during university term. Students were noted to work an average of thirteen hours per week. This extra work has been identified as having an impact on students’. Regarding students' GPA, it is increased by point if students take part‐time jobs in order to acquire work experience, by point if the part‐time job is related to their fields of study and by point if the part‐time job provides opportunities for them to acquire knowledge and develop skills.
Some effects of teenagers' part-time employment: the quantity and quality of hours of part-time work per week, is linked to poorer school performance, increased drug and alcohol use, decreased family contacts, and cynical attitudes toward work (e.g.
Greenberger In effect, our suggestion is that high quality employment buffers the poten.Download