Two theories in particular were influential, the " Frontier Thesis " and the "Sectional Hypothesis". Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups.
At the American Historical Associationhe collaborated with J. He argued that the frontier had meant that every American generation returned "to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line.
His mother taught school. This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument.
He circulated copies of his essays and lectures to important scholars and literary figures, published extensively in highbrow magazines, recycled favorite material, attaining the largest possible audience for key concepts, and wielded considerable influence within the American Historical Association as an officer and advisor for the American Historical Review.
It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts. He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory.
All three gaps offer interpretation of the battle. The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. The Nation and Its Sectionswould not be published until after his death. But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past.
More specifically, Turner claimed that traits and characteristics which developed during the Nineteenth-Century push from East to West -- individualism, nationalism, mobility, egalitarianism -- not only deviated from the perceived standard American cultural attitudes which prevailed at the time, but eventually came to dominate the formation of the American character.
In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history.
His deep, melodious voice commanded attention whether he was addressing a teachers group, an audience of alumni, or a branch of the Chautauqua movement. Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.
A Survey, Chapter 16 Turner thesis text Turner biography from The West by PBS Turner believed that historians up to that time had not devoted sufficient research to what he termed in an earlier essay "the fundamental, dominating fact in United States history," the territorial expansion from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
Kennedy in the early s explicitly called upon the ideas of the frontier. His model of sectionalism as a composite of social forces, such as ethnicity and land ownership, gave historians the tools to use social history as the foundation of all social, economic and political developments in American history.
Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future. This view dominated religious historiography for decades. He represents a type of historian who rests his case on documents and general impression rather than a scientist who goes out for to see.
Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c.
The bison herd still lives on the grounds of Fermilab. His emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed?
In broad terms, the further west, the more American the community. Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin untilwhen he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University.
Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks. This mountain range extends from the Potomac River and runs the depth of eastern Maryland into Pennsylvania.
He proved adept at promoting his ideas and his students, whom he systematically placed in leading universities, including Merle Curti and Marcus Lee Hansen. They complained that he celebrated too much the egalitarianism and democracy of a frontier that was rough on women and minorities.
How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common? Williams viewed the frontier concept as a tool to promote democracy through both world wars, to endorse spending on foreign aid, and motivate action against totalitarianism.
They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves.
They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Turner took this "closing of the frontier" as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had exercised. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could transcend race and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.Start studying APUSH Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. Frederick Jackson Turner. wrote an essay about American history, "The Significance Frontier in American History". Jan 21, · Frederick Jackson Turner’s famous frontier thesis argued that through the Westward expansion came the formation of the first “American” people.
Turner’s essay, presented aroundstrongly correlates with the upheaval ’s. "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development." With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the.
Frederick Jackson Turner (November 14, – March 14, Frederick Jackson Turner's Unpublished Essays edited by Wilbur R. Jacobs. University of Nebraska Press, Notes This article incorporates material from the Citizendium article "Frederick Jackson Turner", which is. Federick jackson turner famous essay Corporate Office One Security Drive Nicholasville, Kentucky Phone () Toll-free () Welcome to the Michigan Department of Correctionsâ€™ searchable database, which we call the Offender Tracking and Information System.
Frederick Jackson Turner. Frontier Thesis "The emergence of western history as an important field of scholarship can best be traced to the famous paper Frederick Jackson Turner delivered at a meeting of the American Historical Association inDownload