The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. Traditional birth attendants, nurses and midwives played a critical role in the programme by delivering MCH services and by providing a back-up referral system.
The academic literature shows that CAM is used among women as opposed to men, and among those who have higher incomes, are college educated, live in the Western United States, and are unlikely to disclose CAM use to medical professionals.
However, this classification makes little sense from a TCM perspective, in which heart failure may be viewed primarily as either a heart yang chi deficiency or a kidney yang deficiency. Similar to Western, private physicians, many of these TP organizations are now beginning to regulate the practice of their members through their own standards and regulations.
The article on this project reported data for the first two interventions only. While researchers should provide such information in protocol materials, reviewers must remain aware of the role their own lack of familiarity may play in their ultimate judgements of risks and benefits of the research.
Traditional medicines, along with western medicines, were generally dispensed by the midwives, in addition to providing pre-and post-natal care and carrying out a number of other health services for families who visit Review related literature on indigenous herbal medicines commune stations.
All were integrated into the PHC training programmes. Magical and religious beliefs, unhygienic practices and nutritional taboos were some of the obstacles mentioned. Favourable risk—benefit ratio In international herbal medicine research, several practical challenges arise in making accurate risk—benefit determinations.
This has prevented open and creative discussions to identify common health goals and agree on ways to cooperate to provide better health care to communities. South African legislation on traditional medicine Science and Development Network; These methods have been used to bring different parties together in a safe and collegial process of decision-making.
So envisioned, international herbal medicine research can contribute to global health. Use of local materials was encouraged. TPs can be trained to perform a wide range of PHC tasks. Nearly 17 TBAs received two weeks of training by the end of One of the three objectives of this conference was to formulate realistic approaches on how the modern and traditional systems could collaborate for improved health coverage of the populations.
Priorities were to establish a medical dispensary, and organize health education in all the villages. The reality is that indigenous practitioners of all kinds have strong popular appeal and provide an alternative which the Government must recognize as potentially valuable in training and employing community health workers.
Little or no evaluation has been conducted after training TPs. A primary focus was on the extent to which CBHPs were using traditional practitioners to promote primary health care.
In addition, traditional practitioners learned five high-risk indicators so they could refer children to paediatric health services. Attempts to correlate health status and CAM use was inconclusive. A survey of 21, adults. Read more Herbal Medicine - Review Articles Herbal medicine is also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine.
Despite these complexities, investigators have successfully adapted double-blind RCT designs to complex individually tailored Chinese herbs. Collaborative partnership, the first requirement for international research ethics, provides both the rationale and the context for achieving appropriate application of the other ethical requirements.
Possibilities for Further Inquiry There are some inconsistencies worth noting in the studies. These changes included the following: Only seven of the projects reviewed reported any evaluation findings.
In the arena of traditional herbal medicine, these same issues apply, and when cross-cultural differences exist in the definitions of valid science, as is the case in traditional herbal medicine research, these questions compound.
There has been little, if any, evaluation or follow-up after TP training projects have been completed. Conclusions Herbal products are not likely to become an important alternative to standard medical therapies unless there are changes to the regulation, standardization, and funding for research of these products.
Scientific validity Part of ensuring the social value of research includes devising and implementing sound science. These projects were to be organized, implemented, financed and evaluated by the community members themselves.
Accordingly, there has been a serious investment in herbal medicine research by public-health bodies in many countries. However, herbal medicines are already in widespread use, are often used in combination, and are drawn from plant sources with their own variability in species, growing conditions and biologically active constituents.
Differences between them led to disputes and interfered in the formation of a unified policy on how to involve indigenous practitioners as community health workers.
Medical validity in eastern and western traditions.LITERATURE REVIEW ON TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 1. The materia medica of these systems contains a rich heritage of indigenous herbal practices that have helped to sustain the health of most rural people of India. The ancient texts like Rig Veda ( BC) and Atharva Veda mentions the use of several plants as medicine.
the. The indigenous systems of medicine, viz., Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy are dependent on preferring natural health remedies and herbal health remedies are increasing day by day, Indian medical systems like Ayurveda is gaining popularity all over the world.
Review of Literature •. remedies used in homeopathy are mostly derived.
Herbal Medicine - Review Articles. Indigenous cultures (such as African and Native American) used herbs in their healing rituals, while others developed traditional medical systems in which herbal therapies were used.
flavor, or therapeutic properties. Herbal medicines are one type of dietary supplement. They are sold as tablets. The role of traditional medicine practice in primary health care within Aboriginal Australia: a review of the literature.
V. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.
• all trainees stored their herbal medicines in clean, plastic bags; REVIEW OF ADDITIONAL LITERATURE. This review of literature is based on general reviews of the literature on the subject of TPs working in PHC, narrative descriptions of how TPs have been used in specific areas of the world, and.
Despite some inconsistencies and ambiguity in the literature, it is consistent that most users of herbal medicines and CAM are college educated and have higher incomes. To probe further into the correlation between socioeconomic status and herbal medicine use would undoubtedly provide some rich findings.Download